The process of chip design is very complex and its understating requires many years of study and practical experience. From a digital integrated circuit design perspective, it could be divided into different hierarchies or stages where the problems are examined…

Microelectronics products are ubiquitous. Simply, they are everywhere and the applications cut across industries. There seems to be no field where the technology has not transformed. In the pyramid of technology creation, microelectronics is positioned at the upstream level. Its…