Nigeria’s Biggest Risk As Digital Currency E-Naira Emerges

Nigeria’s Biggest Risk As Digital Currency E-Naira Emerges

There is a massive promise on the ascension of a digital currency, e-naira, in Nigeria. But e-Naira can also crack Nigeria’s economy. I have a 25 document which I have been creating on E-Naira as I continue to evaluate the opportunities and risk.  The fact is this: if E-Naira launches, expect everyone to move his or her money from retail banks to CBN (Central Bank of Nigeria) – and if that is the case, retail banks will have limited money to lend, freezing banking as we know it.

Magically, if people cannot borrow from banks because the money is in the CBN vault, the economy will crash as we cannot have growth. I do expect the CBN to cap how much people can keep in e-Naira; otherwise, our economy will fold. 

Already, my model is that up to 10% of Naira will be in e-wallets by 2025 and with that, retail bank-driven CBN pushed monetary policy will not “affect” 10% of naira. In other words, if monetary policies are designed around control via retail banks and money is warehoused in Pass, Flutterwave, Paystack, expect dislocations.

I am waiting for the CBN technical document on the digital currency. Depending on what they have there and the apparatus it wants to run the show, we will know what the future holds. But one thing is certain: if you disintermediate retail banks through e-Naira, you will destroy Nigerian economy overnight because companies cannot source funds for growth. You cannot expect the citizens to hold money directly with the apex bank and still expect the retail banks to still have money to lend!

Of course, from ease of use, no issues of failed banks to deal with, zero or extremely low transaction costs, to ability to engage citizens directly on monetary policies via many tools like interest rates, e-naira will be a positive.

A Nigeria’s Massive Opportunity Arrives in 2022 As Era of Fintech 2.0 Begins



1. Advance your career with Tekedia Mini-MBA (Feb 7 – May 7, 2022): top global faculty, online, self-paced, $140 (or N60,000 naira). Click and register here.

2. Click and register for Tekedia Startup Masterclass and master the secrets from start-up to unicorn. Cost is N180,000 naira or $400.

3. Click to join Tekedia Capital Syndicate and own a piece of Africa’s finest startups with a minimum of $10,000 investment.

Share this post

One thought on “Nigeria’s Biggest Risk As Digital Currency E-Naira Emerges

  1. Reading this brings to memory basic economics on wholesaling.

    However, in this context, rather than having the wholesaler (Banks) lending to the Manufacturer (CBN) as it as always been, we see the wholesaler( Banks) doing that transaction to the consumers- a downstream chain.

    The lesson is this we need to redefine the way we see Banking.

    Their could be possibilities that in future we wipe out middle men (Banks) but that would be a very long term thing because we still lack the resource to high such financial inclusion milestone in a very short time. So, while we manage the 10 percent according to your work, let us see means to handle more head counts.

    The future would be interesting.


Post Comment