There are five major sources of leakage currents in CMOS transistors, they are: * Gate oxide tunnelling leakage (IG) * Subthreshold leakage (ISUB) * Reverse-bias junction leakages (IREV) * Gate Induced Drain Leakage (IGIDL) * Gate current due to hot-carrier…

Since the invention of integrated circuits by Jack Kilby few decades ago, the number of transistors in a die has continuously doubled every 24 months. This is the famous Moore’s law, which is still relevant today. Sustaining this trend has…