In this videocast, I discuss the five pillars which are critical to develop Nigeria or indeed Africa’s microelectronics sector. Microelectronics is an engineering field that focuses on the design and manufacturing of electronics related products. Largely, every industrial sector depends on microelectronics as microchip, its bye-product, is the engine that powers the knowledge economy through provision of efficient computational systems. What we call ICT is an application-product of microelectronics as without the latter; the former can neither be possible nor advance. A creative ICT based economy requires a microelectronics strategy to help nurture sustainable innovation.